Geographical indications

Geographical indications

A geographical indication (GI) is a designation used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities, reputation or characteristics that are essentially attributable to that origin. The origin can be a locality, region or possibly a country. The production of GI products is subject to certification requirements.

GI's can have great commercial value and can be exposed to infringement/counterfeiting and are therefore protected.

The agricultural and food sector of the EU operates with the following three schemes;


In the EU geographical indications are regulated by the following four regulations:





Violation of the regulations is punishable by fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years. Criminal provisions are set out in Executive Order No. 1376 of 6 December 2013 on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs.

For more information on the four EU Regulations, see the website of the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration.

Under certain conditions geographical indications can also be registered as collective marks pursuant to the Act on collective marks. For further information on this subject see the website of the Danish Patent and Trademark Office.



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